Emmanuel Chidobe Okenyi, Anthonia N. Ngwoke, Onyinyechi Igwe


Nature (genetics) and the quality of nurture (environment) are indispensable factors in the personality development of the child. The environment harnesses the child’s nature to fully unlock his/her potentials for a sound life in society.  The study, therefore, assessed the environmental situation in the preschool centres in Nigeria as it relates to health and safety standards for the benefit of the child.  One hundred (100) caregivers drawn from the three (3) Senatorial Zones of Enugu State, Nigeria formed the sample. A researcher-made questionnaire complemented by direct observation was used for data collection. Three experts validated the instrument, which yielded an overall reliability index of .87. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentages and correlation coefficients. The study found among others that classroom spaces and facilities for play and related activities in the centres did not meet the specified minimum standards for establishing and operating preschool centres in Nigeria. Health and safety standards were significantly related to ownership of centres (public/private), year established, teaching experience and class size. However, the location of the school (rural/urban), gender (male/female), and caregivers’ experience did not significantly relate to health and safety situations in the centres. The study, therefore, recommended the review and enforcement of the Guidelines on Pre-Primary Education (FME, 1987) in line with the global best practices among others.


Health, Safety, Standards, Preschool, Caregivers, Perspectives.

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