Ikaonaworio Eferebo (PhD)


The central focus of this paper is waning cultural education and Africa’s social decadence. This paper therefore is aimed at examining the causes and consequences of rapid erosion of cultural education in Africa and the prevailing social decadence, is very significant. This phenomenon has been a circle of contemporary African society blabbing emergence of a generation characterized by poor moral values. The failure to address this potential threat fostered by colonial social systems has the capacity of imploding the African personality trait and society at large. Thus, Africa is currently grappling with a pervasive moral crisis that has permeated the various facets of the African public life, with widespread social corruption serving as a conspicuous manifestation of this decay, is indicative of the extent to which the rot has become entrenched in the fabric of society. As a result the paper argues that, the pervasive societal decadence in Africa is the neglect of cultural education. This paper uses social change theory to analyze, describe and explain the qualitative data collection technique from secondary sources. The paper concludes that integration of informal and formal education systems will bring cultural education to the forefront with recommendations.


Africa, Waning, Cultural, Education, social, Decadence.

Full Text:



Achebe, C. (2000). Things Fall Apart. Anchor Books.

Achor, E. E. (2015). Education as an Indispensable Tool for Youth Development. Being a text of Paper Presented on the Occasion of the 2015 Speech and Price Giving Day of the Demonstration Secondary School, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa. Held on 23 July, 2015.

Adebisi, K. S. (2018). Moral Decadence among Nigerian Youths as Future Leaders: A Socio-cultural Regeneration. Advances in Social Science Research Journal, 5 (2), 190-199.

Adejumo, G. (2018). The Implications of Western Education in Africa: A Historical Analysis. International Journal of Education, Science and Technology, 6 (1), 42-49.

Afigbo, A. E. (2003). The Making of Modern Nigeria. University Press.

Agwu, P., Nche, G. Chukwu, N., Ebue, M. & Onuh, P. (2021). Motion Pictures and the Decline of Cultural Values among Nigerian Youths. Southern African Journal of Social Work and Social Development, 33, 10.25159/2708-9355/7019.

Amakime, A. N. (2024). Cultural Education in Africa: Challenges and Opportunities. An MA Seminar Paper Presented at the Department of History and International Studies, Federal University Otuoke, Bayelsa State, Nigeria, Tuesday 6 February, 2024.

Appiah, K. A. (2006). Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. W. W. Norton & Company.

Blackmore, K & Cooksey, B. (1980). A Sociology of Education for Africa. London: Allen & Unwin.

Cherkowski, S., Walker, K. D., & Kutsyuruba, B. (2015). Principals’ Moral Agency and Ethical Decision-Making: Toward a Transformational Ethics. Available at https://doi.org/10.22230/ijepl.2015v10n5a572. Accessed 23/1/2024.

Datta, A. (1884). Education and Society: A Sociology of African Education. London: Macmillan.

Dick, C. J., Ede, V. I., & Chiaghanam, O. F. (2020). Addressing Moral Decadence in Contemporary Nigerian Society: The Religious Option. Discovery, 56 (293), 273-280.

Diop, C. A. (1991). Civilization or Barbarism: An Authentic Anthropology. Lawrence Hill Books.

Ekene, M. S. (2024). Waning Cultural Education and Societal Decadence in Africa: What Hope for its Survival. An MA Seminar Paper Presented at the Department of History and International Studies, Federal University Otuoke, Bayelsa State, Nigeria, Tuesday 6 February, 2024.

Fafunwa, A. B. (1974). History of Education in Nigeria. London: George Allen &Unwin.

Gogo, J. O. (2020). The Contribution of Education to Moral Decay in Kenya: Challenges and Prospects. International Journal of Education, Humanities and Social Science, 3 (1), 20-32.

Igba, D. I., Ofemikpi, O., & Isu, L. (2016). Factors Affecting the Inculcation of Moral Behavior in Youths within Families in Ohaozara Local Government Area, Ebonyi State. British Journal of Education, 4 (6), 29-43.

Iherue, S. O. (2011). Causes and Effects of Moral Decadence in Igboland: Socio-Political, Economic and Religious Prism. A Doctoral Thesis Proposal Seminar, Department of Religious and Cultural Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Kalusa, W. T. (2000). Indigenous Education in Pre-Colonial Africa. In H. T. Msango, E. C. Mumba & A. L. Sikwibele (Eds.). Chosen Topics in Philosophy and Education. Lusaka University of Zambia, 24-31.

Kelly, M. J. (1991). Education in a Decline Economy: The case of Zambia, 1975-1985. Washington, DC, World.

Kwame, A. (2021). Cultural Renaissance and Grassroots Movements in Africa. Journal of African Studies, 45 (2), 215-232.

Makgoba, M. (2015). Decolonization of the Mind: Implications for Cultural Preservation in Africa. Journal of Cultural Dynamics, 27 (3), 315-332.

Mazrui, A. (1997). Cultural Forces in World Politics. James Currey Publishers.

Mbembe, A. (2001). On the Postcolony. University of California Press.

Mkandawire, T. (2015). Neopatrimonialism and the Political Economy of Economic Performance in Africa: Critical Reflections. World Politics, 67 (3), 563-612.

Mutongi, K. (2017). Educating East African Girls: Cultural Capital and the African Female Advantage. Routledge: Routledge Press.

Ndlovu, T. (2017). Cultural Preservation and Development in Africa: Challenges and Opportunities. Journal of Cultural Heritage, Management and Sustainable Development, 7 (1), 45-58.

Nkoma, M. (2016). Challenges Facing African Education in the 21st Century. International Journal of Educational Research for Social Change, 5 (1), 15-27.

Obaji, N. (2019). Bridging the Gap: Integrating Traditional Knowledge into Formal Education in Africa. International Journal of Educational Development, 68, 94-102.

Ocitti, J. P. (1973). African Indigenous Education: As Practiced by the Acholi of Uganda: Nairobi, East Africa Literature Bureau.

Owusu-Ansah, D. F. (2015). International Handbook of African Educational Systems. Springer.

Rodney, W. (1972). How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Bogle-L’Ouverture Publications.

Wikipedia, (2024). “Decadence”. Available at https://www.en.m.wikipedia.org. Accessed 23/1/2024.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Ikaonaworio Eferebo (PhD)




 ISSN (PRINT):    2734 - 2522

 ISSN (ONLINE):  2734 - 2514






Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.