Afukonyo Shidoiku Daniel


Power supply is the major driving force for all businesses in today’s competitive world. It is therefore important that an access to stable power supply is essential for the success of any business which in turn leads to consumer satisfaction, high productivity, profitability, employment and overall economic growth. The drive for this study was to find out the impact epileptic power supply is having on small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs) in Takum local government area of Taraba state. Three research questions were formulated and answered by the study while three null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted survey research design, more specifically, cross sectional survey was adopted and was carried out in Takum local government area of Taraba. The study used a simple random sampling technique which is a probability sampling method which draws a portion of a population so that each member of the population has an equal chance of being chosen. The study also used 30 structured questionnaires to collect primary data directly from the chosen SMEs. The study identified that epileptic power supply has a negative impact on SMEs making them to spend about 20% - 30% on backup energy. The study also revealed that epileptic power supply does not affect the operational performance of SMEs and that the supply of power to SMEs is not sufficient. Based on these findings, the study recommend that government should take total control of the privatized power sector and that all the states should develop all the various power sources at their disposal.


Inadequacy, Power Supply, SMEs, Takum LGA, Taraba State.

Full Text:



Adeleye, R.A. (1977) Executive Intelligence Review, volume 4, number 3, January 18 1977.

Adeyemo, A.M.(1979) Electricity supply on the performance of small and medium scale enterprises.

Adenikinju, A.F. (2003) Electric Infrastructure failures in Nigeria: A survey based analysis of the costs and adjustment responses, in Energy Policy Vol. 31, Issue 14. november 2003, pp. 1519-1530.

Adenikiuju, A. (2005); Analysis of the cost of infrastructure failure in a developing economies.The case of electricity sector in Nigeria. African Economic Research Paper 148, African Economic Research Consortium, Nairobi February 2005.

Ajie, H.A, Akekere, J. and Wokekoron, O.E. (2012) Petroleum Economics: Nigeria perspective. Pearls publishers 12/14ndemase street (off Silver bird cinemas) Port Harcourt Nigeria

Akingunola, R.O. (2011). Small and Medium Scale Enterprises and Economic growth in Nigeria: An Assessment of financing options. Pakistan Journal of business and Economic Review, 2(1), 77-97.

Alaye-Ogan, E. (2012). A practical guide to running successful small businesses in Nigeria:challenges, peculiarities, and effective resolution support. Lambert Academic Publishing, Deutschland.

Archibong P. E. 1997. The Status of Supporting Infrastructural Facilities and services for non-oil sector Development’, CBN Economic and Financial Review, vol.35, pp 23-42.

Atser, G. (2008). World Bank’s report on investors’ infrastructure decay. Sunday Punch, May 10, 8.

Attigah, B. and Mayer-Tasch, L.(2013).The impact of Electricity Access on Economic development –A Literature Review.In productive use of Energy (PRODUSE); meaning impact of Electrification on micro –Enterprise in sub-Saharan Africa, edited by L.mayer-Tasch, M. Mukherjee, and K. ReicheEschborn:GIZ.

Babatunde, A.M. and Shuaibu, M. I. (2008). The demand for residential Electricity in Nigeria: A Bound Testing Approach. Department of Economics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Central Bank of Nigeria (2010), #200 Billion small and medium enterprises (SMEs) credit Guarantee Scheme (SMECGs) Guidelines. Development Finance Department, CBN Abuja

Ellahi, N. (2011). Testing the relationship between electricity supply, development of industrial sector and economic growth: An empirical analysis using time series data for Pakistan.International Journal of Management Science and Engineering Management, 6(4),272-277.

Ekpo, A. H. (2009). The Global Economic Crisis and the crises in the Nigerian Economy.Presidential Address to the 50th Conference of the Nigerian Economic society.September,Abuja-Nigeria.

Erdem , F., E r d e m , S. (2011). Functional strategies and practices of small and medium-sized family businesses. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 4, 2, 174-185.

Essien, O.E, (2001). The role of Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) in financing of Small Scale Industries (SSIs), Being the Publication of the Lauching ceremony of the Small and Medium Industries Equity Investment Scheme at niconhilton Hotel, Abuja on 21st August, 2001. Volume 25, No. 3; july/September 2001.

Etosa, U.(2007) “Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency and Sustainable development In Nigeria.” Community Research and Development Centre.

F a b a y o , J. A. (2009). Small and Medium Enterprises development strategy: A critical Option for sustainable Long–Term Economic Development in Nigeria. Paper presented at the first Annual International Conference on: Effective Management of Small and Medium scale Enterprises for sustainable Economic Development held at Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic, Ijebu-Ode held from 25-27 August.

Foster,V and Steinbuks, J.,2008. Paying the Price of Unreliable Power Supplies; In- House Generation of Electricity in Africa. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Working Paper No 2.

FG (2013), Nigeria Power Crises: Reversing Decades of Gevernment Monopoly and stagnation.

Hatten, T.S. (2012). Small business management: Entrepreneurship and beyond. south-WesternCengage learning, USA.

Iwayemi, Akin. (2008). Investment in electricity generation and transmission in Nigeria: Issues and Options. Being a paper presented in the first quarter of 2008 in a summit organized by the International Association for Energy Economics, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Lee, K.S. and A. Anas. 1991. “Manufacturers’ responses to infrastructure deficiencies in Nigeria: Private alternatives and options” in A. Chibber and S. Fischer, (eds.), Economic Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa. A World Bank Symposium.

Lee S.K,Verma, S and Murray M,1996. Why Manufacturing Firms Produce Some Electricity Internally. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, 1605.

Lere, M.M, Dadughun, S.I, and Bulus, (2002).Basic Concept in Education Research methods and statistics. Jos Deka publications

Mojekwu, J. N., &Iwuji, I. I. (2012). ‘Factors affecting capacity decision in Nigeria: A time series analysis. International Business Research, 5(1).Retrieved from

Makoju J.O. (2007). “A Presentation to the Presidency on Power Sector Status, Issues and Way Forward”.

National Council of Industry (2002): Proceeding at the 13th National council meeting held in Makurdi, Benue State.

Ndebbio, J. E. U 2006. ‘The Structural Economic Dimensions of underdevelopment, associated Vicissitudes and Imperatives: Agenda for Positive Change’, 33(1 inaugural Lecture, University of Calabar-Nigeria, Saesprint Publishers- Nigeria.

Nnadi, F.N. (2010). Access to Sustainable Energy: A panacea to Rural Household poverty in Nigeria,’ Continental J. Renewable Energy, vol.2, no.1 pp.7-18,2010.

Obaseki, P.T. and Ojo, M.O. (1998), “Challenges of globalization for macro economics policy and management in Nigeria,”CBN Economic and Financial Review vol 36 No 4.

Odularu, O. G. and Okonkwo, C. (2009). Does Energy Consumption contribute to economic Performance? Empirical Evidence from Nigeria. Journal of Economics and International Finance.Vol.1(2). Pp 044- 058,July 2009.

Odell, P.R. (1995); The Demand for energy in developing region: A case study of the Upper Ancavalley in Columbia. Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 3, Pp 234-254.

Okafor, E. 0. 2008. ‘Development Crisis of the Power Supply and Implications for industrial sector in Nigeria’, Kamla-Raj Journal, vol. 6, pp 83-92.

Olayemi, S. O. (2012). ‘Electricity Crisis and Manufacturing Productivity in Nigeria (1980-2008). Developing Country Studies, 2(4).

Oke, 0. A. 2006. ‘Impact of Energy on the Manufacturing sector in Nigeria’,

Okonkwo, W.I. (2002). Attainment of sustainable electricity supply in Nigeria: photovoltaic option. Central Bank of Nigeria Bullion, 5, 13-20.

Okoro, O.I. and Madueme, T.C. (2004). Solar Energy Investment in a Developing economy. J of Renewable Energy, 29(2), 1599-1610.

Reinikka, R., &Svensson, J., 2002. Coping with Poor Public Capital.Journal of DevelopmentEconomics, 69, 51 – 69.

Riker, D. (2012). ‘Energy costs and export performance. Manufacturing and services Economics Brief No.7., Office of Competition and Economic Analysis of the International Trade Administration’s Manufacturing and Services unit. Retrieved from

Sambo, A.S (2012). Matching Electricity Supply with Demand in Nigeria. Avong publication. 40

Subair, K..andOke, D. . (2008). Privatization and trends of aggregate consumption of electricity in Nigeria: An empirical analysis, African journal of Accounting, economics, Finance and Banking Research , 3. (3), 18-26.

Ukpong, I. I. 1976, An Analysis of the causes of power shortage in Nigeria, The Nigeria Journal of Economic and Social Studies, vol.18, pp 34-49.

Watson, A., Viney, H. and Schomaker, P. (2002). Customer attitudes to utility products: A consumer behavior perspective. Marketing Intelligence and Planning, 20(7), 3

World Bank (2005).World development report. Washington DC: The world Bank Retrieved

World Economic Forum, The Global Competitiveness Report 2014-2015, Date of data collection or release: 3rd September 2014; we forumorg/gcr. growth- theory worse/On oct 2, 2016. 22 2015.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Afukonyo Shidoiku Daniel




 ISSN (PRINT):    2734 - 2522

 ISSN (ONLINE):  2734 - 2514






Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.