Benedicta Ezeugo Ekeanya, S. O. Adeniyi (PhD), O. O. Longe (PhD)


 Studies have reported that broken home directly or indirectly impact on mental health namely stress, anxiety, and depression, which adversely affect adolescents of such homes. Thus, this study examined the effectiveness of two behaviour modification therapies namely: Acceptance-Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) on depression in Adolescents from broken homes in Ogun State, Nigeria. A sample of 71 adolescents consisting of 28 male and 43 female were chosen for the study using multistage sampling process. The design used for the study was the quasi–experimental: pretest/posttest control group design. The study consisted of three groups: two treatment groups and one control group. The first group was exposed to Acceptance-Commitment therapy (ACT), second group was exposed to Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT), while the control group had no treatment. The following instruments were used to collect relevant data for the study, Family structure questionnaire (FSQ), The Adjustment Inventory for School Students (AISS) and the depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS).Two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Data collected for the study were analysed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results indicated significant differences on depression among the adolescents as a result of the interventions. The ACT was observed to be effective in the management of depression than REBT though both were significant. Male and female adolescents were observed not to differ in depression as a result of exposing them to ACT and REBT. In the light of the findings, it is recommended among others that ACT and REBT should be adopted in managing depression among adolescents from broken homes.


Acceptance-Commitment Therapy, Broken Homes, Depression, Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy.

Full Text:



Adomeh, O. C. (2006). Fostering emotional adjustment among Nigerian adolescents with rational emotive behavioural therapy. Educational Research Quarterly, 29 (3), 21-29.

Adeniyi, A.O. (2019). The effects of single parenthood on academic performance of secondary school students in Nigeria. International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Research, 5 (3) 1-6.

Awoniyi, G. F.(2019). Impact of broken homes on academic performance of handicapped students as expressed by secondary school teachers in Oyo State. International Journal of Innovative Psychology & Social Development, 7(9):130-138.

Bedard. K., & Oliver, D. (2005). Sex preferences, marital dissolution and the economic status of women. Journal of Human Resources, 40 (2), 411-434.

Bistamam, M.N., Jais, S. M., Jusoh, A. J., Rahman, A.M.B., Arif, A.S.M., Razali, M.M.S. (2015). The effect of REBT structured counselling group towards grief and depression among teenagers of divorced parents. International Journal of Education and Research, 3 (40), 113- 122

Bohman, H., Låftman, S.B., & Päären, A. (2017). Parental separation in childhood as a risk factor for depression in adulthood: A community-based study of adolescents screened for depression and followed up after 15 years. BMC Psychiatry, 17, 117-120.

Douglas, J.W.B. (2001). The home and the school: Study of Ability and Attainment in Primary School. London. MGC Gibbon and Kee.

Ellis, A. (2000). Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) in A. E. Kazdin (ed.), Encyclopaedia of psychology 7, 7–9.

Ellis, A., & Dryhen, W. (2007). The practice of Rational Emotive Therapy (2nd ed.); Springer Publishing, New York.

Hamidi, F., Paidar, F., Mohammadi, F. (2017). The role of emotive behavioural therapy on student’s adjustment. (INTJSH) International journal school health.4 (2) 5-10

Hayes, S. C. (2019). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: towards a unified model of behaviour change. Journal of World Psychiatric Association 18, (2), 226-227.

Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G. (2012). Acceptance and commitment therapy: The kprocess and practice of mindful change (2nd Ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Huitt, W. (2011). Self and self-views. Educational Psychology Interactive. 20 (1), 80-100.

Ibrahim, A.K., Kelly, S.J., Adams, C.E.,& Glazebrook, C.A (2013). Systematic review of studies of depression prevalence in university students. J Psychiatr47: 391-400.

Kaplan. H. I & Sadock B. J.(2010). Synopsis of Psychiatry, Behavioral Science of Clinical Psychiatry, 7, 2.

Lotfi, M.H., Aminian, A.H., Ghomizadea, A.,& Zarea, S. (2010). Prevalence of depression amongst students of Shaheed Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci, 4:51-5.

Macavei, B. (2005). The role of irrational beliefs in the case of the chronically ill child. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 45, 359-370.

Martin, P., Specter, G., & Martin, D. (2003). Expressed attitudes of adolescents toward marriage and family life. Adolescence, 38 (150), 359-367.

Marcus, M., Yasamy, M.T., Mark, V.O., Dan, C., &Shekhar, S. (2012). Depression: A Public Health Concern; 6-8.

Olutayo, A.O. & Omobowale, O. (2012). The youth and the family in transition in Nigeria. Review of Sociology, 12, 85-89.

Pirkola, S., Isometsa, E., Aro, H., Kestila, L., Hamalainen, J., Veijola, J., Kiviruusu, O., & Lonnqvist, J. (2005) Childhood adversities as risk factors for adult mental disorders: results from the Health 2000 study. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. 40(10):769-777.

Uwaifo, V.O. (2012). The effects of family structures on the academic performance of Nigerian University Students; Global Journal of Human Social Sciences, 12 (5), 1- 10.

Van Beek, Y. & Dubas, J.S., (2008). Decoding basic and non-basic facial expressions and depressive symptoms in late childhood and adolescence. J Nonverbal Behav; 32:53–64.

Wambua, M.M., Otieno, R., & Ichuloi. A. (2021). Effects of Parental divorce and separation on psychosocial wellbeing of adolescents in Kajiado North sub- County, Kenya. Sch J Arts Humanit Soc SCI, 9 (5): 194-200

Wissink, I., Dekovic, M., Meijer,A. (2006). Parenting behaviour, quality of the parent- adolescent relationship and adolescent functioning in four ethnic groups. Journal early Adolescence, 26: 133-139.

World Health Organization (2017). Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Yara, P.O & Tunde-Yara B.A (2010). Broken homes and academic performance of adolescents in secondary school in Ibadan Nigeria. The Journal of International Social Research 3, (12) 2010.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Benedicta Ezeugo Ekeanya, S. O. Adeniyi (PhD), O. O. Longe (PhD)




 ISSN (PRINT):    2734 - 2522

 ISSN (ONLINE):  2734 - 2514






Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.