Sunday Emmanuel Nnamdi (PhD), Adamu D. Rabi (PhD)


The impact of technical and vocational education in making the youths skillful and employable cannot be over emphasized. This is the reason why the researcher used descriptive research design to assess the extent to which technical and vocational education curriculum is being managed to put the youths in the employment market. The population is comprised of all Senior Technical and vocational students in Senior Secondary 3 who are at the verge of leaving the school. They are two hundred and thirty five (235).  With a simple random sampling technique, a sample of 117 was used as the target respondents. A questionnaire titled “Management of Technical and Vocational Education Curriculum for Youth Employability” (MTVECYE) in Port Harcourt City Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. The instrument was validated by two experts from measurement and Evaluation, Educational Foundations Department and one from the Educational Management Department, Federal University Dutsin-Ma, with a reliability index of 0.07. The data collected was analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The findings show that though, so much has been done on technical and vocational education curriculum, no much impact has been felt on skills and employability of the youths. The research concluded that more efforts should be made on the skill acquisition as its importance on the employment of the youths is very paramount. The researcher therefore recommended amongst others, that the government should equip the technical and vocational schools more with both material and human resources.


Management, technical and vocational education, curriculum, employability.

Full Text:



Ali, F. A, Y. Long, F. A. Zainoland M. Mansor (2012). Students’ Self-Perceived Importance of Employability Skill needed: A Case Study in University of Sultan Zainal Abidin ( UNISZA), Malasia. Proceeding of the 2nd International Conference on Management held between 11th-12th June at Langkawi Kedah, Malaysia.

Bridgstock, R. (2009). The graduate attitudes we‘ve overlooked: Enhancing graduate employability through career management skill. Higher Education Research and Development. 28(1), 31-44.

Cavanagh, J., Burstone, M., Southcombe T. (2015). Contributing to a graduate centered understanding of work readiness: An exploratory study of Australian undergraduate students‘ perception of their employability. International Journal of Management Educatio., 13 (3), 278288.

Clarke, A, 1997 ―Survey on employability‖ Industrial and Commercial training 29, pp. 177- 183. Fafunwa, A. B. (2002). History of Education in Nigeria. Ibadan: NPS Educational Publishers.

Ju, S., Zhang, D., and Pacha, J. (2012). Employability skills Valued by Employers as Important for Entry-Level Employees With and Without Disabilities. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals. 35 (1), 29-38.

Mello, L. V., Tregilgas, L., Cowley, G., Gupta, A., Makki, F., Jhutt, A., and Shanmugasundram, A. (2017). ‗Students-As-Partners’ scheme enhances postgraduate students’ employability skills while addressing gaps in bioinformatics education. Higher Education Pedagogies. 2(1), 43-57.

Federal Government of Nigeria (FRN 2014).National Policy on Education. Lagos: NERDC Press.

Nwachukwu, W.C.E (2014). Designing Appropriate Methodology in Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria.‖ Nsukka Publishing Company.

Odugbesan, F. A. (1995). A Perspective in Educational Institution. Establishing Partnership in Technical and Vocational Education: A Seminar for key Personnel from Africa, Asia, Berlin and Germany.

Ofoma, G.C. (2015). Curriculum for Wealth creation: A paper presented at the Seminar of the World Council for Curriculum and Instruction, held in Kano, Oct. 25.

Okolo, A. N. (2013). Perception of Parents, Teachers and youths on the role of education in globalization and entrepreneurship in a culturally diverse society. International Journal of Education Reseach. 10 (2). 9-17.

Onibalusi, F. (2021). Expertise job creation to leadership. The Guardian Newspaper (Lagos) February, 21.

Oyebade, S. A. Oladipo, S. A. &Adetoro, J.A. (2012). Determinants of Strategies for Quality Assurance in Nigerian University Education. Retrieved:

Pitan, O.S. (2016). Towards Enhancing University Graduate Employability in Nigeria. Journal of Sociology Anthropology. 7(1), 1-11.

Sermsuk, S., Triwichithun, D., &Wongwanich, S. (2014). Employment Conditions and Essentials Employability Skills Required by Employers for Secondary School Graduate. Procedia– Social and Behavioral Sciences. 116, 1848-1854.

UNESCO (2008). Inter-Regional Seminar on promotion Entrepreneurship Education in Secondary Schools. Bangkok, Thailand ED/BAS/STV/2008/RP/i. February, 2008.

UNESCO, & ILO. (2012)Technical and vocational education and training for the twenty-first century. Bonn, Germany: Author.

Yusuf M.A. &Soyemi J. (2012) Achieving Sustainable Development in Nigeria through Technical and Vocational Education and Training: The Missing Link, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences. 2 (2): 71-77.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Sunday Emmanuel Nnamdi (PhD), Adamu D. Rabi (PhD)




 ISSN (PRINT):    2734 - 2522

 ISSN (ONLINE):  2734 - 2514






Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.