COUNSELLING STRATEGIES FOR HANDLING LOW SELF-ESTEEM AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ANAMBRA STATE

Alphonsus Ekejiuba Oguzie (PhD), Victor Ndubuisi Ordua (PhD), Grace Chinyere Nnadi (PhD), Queendaline Oluchukwu Boulife

Abstract


This study investigated the counselling strategies for handling low self-esteem among secondary school students in Anambra State. Three research questions guided the study. The study adopted the descriptive survey design, and the population comprised of two hundred and fifty-seven (257) respondents from all the six education zones of the state which was studied entirely without sampling because the number was manageable by the researchers. The instrument used in collecting data for the study was a structured questionnaire titled Counselling Strategies for Handling Low Self Esteem Questionnaire (CSHLSEQ). The instrument was dully validated by experts in the Department of Guidance and Counselling and Measurement and Evaluation. The findings from the study showed that the causes of low self-esteem among secondary school students in Anambra State are sibling maltreatment, peer relationship, parenting style, inability to cope academically, parental socio-economic status, physical challenge, comparison with others, and preferential treatment by parents and teachers  However, the findings showed that gender, rejection from society and expectation from parents are not the causes of low self-esteem among secondary school students. The findings of the study equally showed that the consequences of low self-esteem are poor academic achievement, social isolation, feeling of worthlessness, drug abuse, health problems such as headache and fatigue, cultism, suicidal ideation, school dropout, aggressive behaviour, shyness and social maladjustment. Finally, the results of the study revealed that the counselling strategies for handling low self-esteem among secondary school students in Anambra State are cognitive restructuring, self management technique, assertiveness training technique, social skill training, sensitivity training, the use of bibliotherapic materials, mindful meditation, exposure therapy, modelling technique, relaxation therapy and enrolling low self esteem students into social groups. It was recommended among others that Guidance Counsellors should ensure keen and objective observation on students’ behaviours and guard against such behaviours that could be detrimental to students’ self-esteem. 


Keywords


Counselling, Strategies, Low self-esteem, Students, Anambra State.

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