Ovenaone Jennifer Uniga, Takubu Danladi Fwa, Irisim Emmanuel Tabki, Aliyu Saidu Garba


The world over, gender issues get skewed to the advantage of some groups of persons, while others suffer disadvantages. In certain societies, there are existing male privileges, especially, in so called patriarchal societies, while women do not have such privileges. That citizenship does not mainstream gender in society, puts human rights in jeopardy leading to derogation of those rights. Where human rights of a group lack promotion, protection and preservation, peace and progress is derailed. It is in a bid for peace building, that the United Nations, African Union, ECOWAS and other world bodies have come up with Resolutions, Protocols, Conventions and other human rights and peace instruments for the well-being of disadvantaged and underprivileged groups in the world. It is at this instance that this paper attempts to focus on world situation generally, and Nigeria in particular. The paper relies on secondary documents and other official records, Axel Honneth theory of recognition and the functionalist approach to give credence to the work.      


Gender, Gender roles, Gender inequality, Citizenship, Development, Sustainable development, Peace building.

Full Text:



Abdullahi A. A., Adekeye S. D., Shehu R. A. (2011). Towards improving gender

relations in Nigeria: implications for Sustainable development, Journal of Sustainable Development-, 13 (3), Pp.239-252.

Adebiyi J. A., Oyafunke, O. C., and Adewusi, A. (2017). Women Empowerment in

Nigeria: A Retro- structural Examination. Gender and Behaviour. African Journals OnLine, Vol. 15 No.3.

Adetunde C. O. (2021) Understanding gender issues in Nigeria: the imperative for sustainable

development. Heliyon volume 7, issue7,

Afinsi, O.T. (2010). Power and Womanhood in Africa: An Introductory Evaluation. The Journal Of Pan African Studies, 3, 229-238.

Aina, O. I. (2012). Two halves make a whole: gender at the crossroads of the Nigerian

development agenda. Inaugural Lecture Series, 250, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. Google Scholar.

Ajir, I., (2002). Women Empowerment and Work. The Challenges of the 21st. Century. Abuja

Abort Press.

Akanle, O. (2011). The sociology of gender equality and development in democratizing

Nigeria.The Nigerian Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, Volume 9, No. 1. Pp. 22-36

Azu, D. et al (2014). Gender discrimination and national politics: The Nigerian case Covenant

University. Journals of Politics and International Affairs, 2 (2). Retrieved from

Bhavani, K.K. et al. (2003). Feminist Futures- Re-Imagining Women, Culture and Development.

London, Zed Press.

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women ((CEDAW), 1979) Summary: Articles 1-16

Federal Republic of Nigeria (2007). Abuja: Amana Printing, Google Scholar

Fraser N., & Honneth A. (2003), Redistribution or recognition? A political-philosophical

exchange (Pp. 7-109). New York: Verso.

Gamawa, A. H. (2013). How Nigeria legalizes discrimination against women. Premium Times

Nigeria. https://www.premiumtimes,com

Gender, Development, and Citizenship. Policy and Practice policy-practice.

Global Alliance Against Trafficking in Women (GAATW). 2007. Collateral Damage:

The Impact of Anti-Trafficking Measures on Human Rights around the World. Bangkok, Thailand.

Haralambos, M. &Holborn, M. (2014). Sociology: Theme and Perspectives. Publisher: Harper Collins.>Haralam

Honneth, A (1996). The Struggle for Recognition: The Moral Grammar of Social Conflicts. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Igbuzor, O. (2012). Challenging Patriarch and Promoting Women’s Rights. Abuja.

Ikoni, U. D. (2009). The Challenges of Poverty in a Globalised World: Perspective on the

Nigerian Situation. Longman Publishers.

Issues in Development (2021). Society for International Development.

Makama, G. A. (2013). Patriarchy and Gender Inequality in Nigeria: The Way Forward

European Scientific Journal, vol. 9. No. 17.>article>view

Murphy, M & Brown, T. (2012). Learning as relational: intersubjectivity and pedagogy in higher education, International Journal of Lifelong Education, 31:5, 643-654

National Gender Policy (2007). Federal Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development,

Nmadu, T, (2000). “On Our Feet: Women in Grassroot Development”,in Journal of Women in

Academics, Vol. 1 No1 JOWACS Pp. 165-171.

Nwajiuba, C. A., (2011). Culture, and sex imbalance in higher education in Nigeria:

implications for development. Educ. Res., 2 (3), Pp. 926-930.

Nwaogu, C. (2022). Nigeria: Our Constitution Discriminates Against Women on Citizenship.

Citizenship Rights in Africa Initiative.

O’Brien, T. (2011). Awakening to Recovery and Honneth’s Theory of Recognition.>

Ojalammi S. (2011) Gender, and Development in Sub-sahara Africa European Union Regional

Development Fund.

Oladeinde, O. (2017). Hijab Controversy: The Nigerian Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs

(NSCIA) talks tough, threatens nationwide protests, legal battles. Premium Times.

Olanrewaju, O. (2018) "Gender Identity and Justice in Nigeria: An Appraisal of Women in Lagos State," The Journal of Social Encounters: Vol. 2: Iss. 1, 69-80.

Olufemi, S., and VerEecke, C., (1993). Mobilizing Women for Rural Development: Some

Principles for Success. ARICABIB.ORG.

Salaam, T. (2003). A brief Analysis on the Situation of Women in Nigeria Today. Democratic Socialist Movement.

The Centre for the study of Citizenship

The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999.

The social definitions of gender (

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948). declaration-of-human-rights

Trading Economics (2021). Nigeria – Population, Female (% of Total).

Uniga, O. J. and Ibor, J. (2008). Report: Research on The Impact of Customary Courts’ Decisions on Women and Girls in five Local Government Areas of Cross River State. Unpublished.

Walby, S. (1992). “Post-post-modernism? Theorising Social Complexity” in Barret, M and

Phillips, A. (Eds), Destabilizing Theory: contemporary Feminist Debates. Cambridge.

What is Strategic Peace Building? University of Notre Dame, Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies.>about-us>

WHO (2002); Gender>health.topics).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Ovenaone Jennifer Uniga, Takubu Danladi Fwa, Irisim Emmanuel Tabki, Aliyu Saidu Garba




 ISSN (PRINT):    2734 - 2522

 ISSN (ONLINE):  2734 - 2514






Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.