Anthony O. Nsude (PhD), Assoc. Prof. Leo C. Chukwu


This study investigated the alternative funding models for effective administration of public secondary schools in Enugu State. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The study was guided by two research questions and two hypotheses. The population for the study was 295respondents which comprised 201 male and 94 female principals. The population is manageable, hence there was no sampling. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire titled “Alternative Funding Models for Effective Administration of Secondary Schools Questionnaire (AFMEASSQ)”. The instrument was validated by three research experts who were from Department of Educational Management and Department of Mathematics and Computer Education all in the Faculty of Education, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT). Cronbach alpha statistic was used to determine the reliability of the instrument which yielded .80 for cluster 1 and .82 for cluster 2 with an overall reliability index of .81 which made the instrument reliable and was used for data collection. Mean scores and standard deviation were used for analyzing the data collated while t-test statistic was used to test the null hypotheses at .05 level of significance. The findings of the study showed that public-private partnerships and community-based funding initiatives are alternative funding models for effective administration of public secondary schools to a great extent. In view of the findings, the study recommended that Enugu State government should implement policies that provide tax breaks or other incentives to businesses and individuals who participate in public-private partnerships for education.


Alternative Funding Models, Effective Administration, Public Secondary Schools, Enugu State.

Full Text:



Emenalo, F.C. & Camillus, I. (2013). Appraisal of community involvement in secondary schools development in Okigwe Education Zone of Imo State. Mediterranean Journal of Social Science, 4(7), 13-20.

Enefu, S.M., Aminu, S.A. & Ameh, J.O. (2020). Innovative funding strategies for quality assurance in tertiary institutions in Nigeria: Counselling Implication. Nigerian Journal of Educational Administration and Planning (NAEAP); 20(1),

Federal Republic of Nigeria, (FRN, 2013). National Policy on Education. Lagos: NERDC.

Ferreira, D.C. & Marques, R.C. (2020). Public-private partnerships in health care services: Do they outperform public hospitals regarding quality and access? Evidence from Portugal. Journal of Socio-Economic Planning Sciences,1(3), 1-16.

Khalid, A., Javed, Z., Nasir, M. & Afreen, S. (2016). The role of public private partnership in provision of physical facilities in schools: A Sociological Study of District Bhakkar. Bulletin of Education and Research, 38(1), 225-234.

Ige, A.M. (2013). Provision of secondary education in Nigeria: Challenges and way forward. Journal of African Studies and Development, 5(1), 1-9.

Ileuma, S. (2017). School related factors as predictors of internal efficiency of public university students in South-West, Nigeria. An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, Ethiopia, 11(2), 251-261.

Nsirim, G. (2019). Impact of human resource development on the performance of teachers in secondary schools in Rivers State. International Journal of Institutional Leadership, Policy and Management, 1(2), 293-304.

Nwangwu, I.O., Otegbulu, M.I. & Eze, T.A. (2017). Theories and leadership styles in educational administration. 29 Port Harcourt Street, Ogui New Layout, Enugu. His Glory Publications.

Nworgu, B.G. (2015). Educational research: Basic issues and methodology (Third Edition). Nsukka, Enugu: University Trust Publishers.

Onyeche, N.M. (2018). Alternative sources of funding and management of public universities in the Niger Delta States of Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Finance and Economics Research 6(3): 66-73

Onyekwelu, U.O. (2021). Public-private partnership and the performance of public sector organizations: A study of Anambra State Ministry

of Education. International Journal of Innovative Social Sciences & Humanities Research, 9(1): 130-134.

Unachukwu, G.O. (2014). Educational Management: A skill building approach: Onitsha: Rex Charles and Patrick Ltd.

Wangui, N.M. (2017). ICT and financial management of secondary schools in Nairobi. Unpublished Masters Dissertation, University of Nairobi

World Health Organization (2016). Gender and health.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Anthony O. Nsude (PhD), Assoc. Prof. Leo C. Chukwu




 ISSN (PRINT):    2734 - 2522

 ISSN (ONLINE):  2734 - 2514






Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.