Charles Ikechukwu Okoro, Christian C. Emedolu (PhD), Jude Godwins (PhD)


Placidé Tempels’ Bantu Philosophy dwelt essentially on the concept of vital force. His equation of being with force in Bantu philosophy gives the impression that being in all of Africa is equal to force. There might be relations but the extent and the manner of its application may be limited from one African culture to another. This article thus argues that ‘vital force’ does not apply in all cultures in Africa, especially, that of the Igbo of South-Eastern Nigeria. 


Bantu Philosophy, Selfhood, Relations, Vital Force, Igbo Ontology.

Full Text:



Kaphagawani, D. N. & Malherbe, J. G. ‘‘African Epistemology’’ in Coetzee, P. H. and ROUX, P. J. eds. The African Philosophy Reader, A Text with readings. Second edition, New York: Taylor and Francis Group: Rutledge, 2003.

Mbiti, J. S. African Religions and Philosophy. New York: Doubleday, 1970.

Njoku, F. O. Essays In African Philosophy, Thought and Theology. Owerri: Snaap Press, 2002

Nwodo, C. S. Philosophical Perspective on Chinua Achebe. First publication. Rivers State: University of Port Harcourt Press, 2004.

Okere, T. African Philosophy: A Historico-Hermeneutical Investigation of the Conditions of its Possibility. New York: University Press of America, 1983..

__________.’’The Structure of the Self in Igbo Thought’’in Okere T. ed. Identity and Change: Nigerian Philosophical Studies 1, Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change Series, 11. vol. 3. Washington: Paideia Publishers, 1996.

Okoro. C. ’’On the Conceptual Strands of the self: Perspectives in Igbo Ontology, 2020.

Omi, E. A. R. Omi & Anyanwu, K.C. African Philosophy An Introduction to the main philosophical trends in Contemporary Africa Revised ed. Rome: Officium Libri Catholici. 1984.

Onwuanuibe, R. C. ‘‘The person and immortality in Igbo African metaphysics’’ in Wright R. A. ed. African Philosophy: An Introduction. New York: University Press of America, 1984.

Onyeocha, M. I. Africa: the Question of Identity A Philosophical Reflection on Africa Nigerian edition. Owerri: Urekweson Press & Stationery Stores, 1997.

Osuagwu, C. G. ’’Ndiigbo na Uwandiigbo The Igbo People and the Igbo World’’ in Okere T. I. ed. The Igbo Origin Question Proceedings of the International Symposium organized by Whelan Research Academy. Vol. 1, no. 9. Owerri: Gabtony Prints, 2010.

Tempels, P. Bantu Philosophie. Paris: Presénce Africane, 1959.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Charles Ikechukwu Okoro, Christian C. Emedolu (PhD), Jude Godwins (PhD)




 ISSN (PRINT):    2734 - 2522

 ISSN (ONLINE):  2734 - 2514






Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.