Desenenge Terngu


This study investigated ‘Effect of futures wheel and demonstration instructional strategies on students’ achievement in Biology in Katsina-Ala Local Government Area of Benue State’.  Two research questions were raised and two hypotheses were formulated for the study. The population of the study was all the 112 senior secondary school two students offering biology from the two secondary schools in the local government area during the 2022/2023 academic session. The study was a complete census since all the SS 2 students offering biology in the two sampled schools were used. The researcher made use of the whole population because of homogeneity of subjects, cost, and adequacy. The researcher constructed a Biology Achievement Test (BAT) based on the biology curriculum on ecological management for data collection.  The research use Mean scores and standard deviation to answer the research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study found that there was a mean difference in the achievement scores of senior secondary students taught ecological management with Futures wheel instructional strategies and those taught by demonstration method. Also, there is the interaction effect of instructional strategies and gender (male and female) on students’ achievement in senior secondary school Biology (ecological management). The study recommends that the government and administrative structure of secondary schools should retrain teachers on the use of Futures wheel in teaching biology and that teachers should pay particular attention to the female students in the course of teaching to assist them resolve their learning difficulties and enhance their performance.


Effect, Instructional Strategies, Academic Achievements, Secondary Education, Biology.

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