Johnson Honour Oluwayemisi, Muyiwa B. Afolabi


This study examines Intelligence and Nigeria’s Educational Policy: 6-3-3-4. Intelligence plays a vital role in every sector/segment of a country policies. Intelligence is the planning and direction, collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of information for national policy and security purposes, and it covers education. The Nigeria educational policy on the other hand is a national guidelines and requirements for the effective administration, management and implementation of education policy at all tiers of government. The scope of the study is 6-3-3-4 educational structure of the education policy in Nigeria. The sampling technique used is simple systematic random sampling. The research instrument employed in the study was a structured questionnaire for primary data collection, while the secondary data sources entailthe use of books, journals, and other internet materials. The analysis was presented using the statistical tool which was aided by a frequency count and simple percentage. From the study it was deduced that educational policies are well focused but intelligence was not explored and the planning is often defective, making implementation difficult. Proper planning should be taken to make provisions for instructional materials needed for effective learning and proper implementation of educational policy in Nigeria, there should be proper monitoring and evaluation for effective implementation of educational policies, the goals and objectives set must be periodically evaluated to give room for innovations aimed at solving the emerging and unintended consequences.


Assessment, Intelligence Impact, Educational Policy, 6-3-3-4 system, Nigeria

Full Text:



Abang, S.O. (2014). “The Niger Delta crisis and the roles of government agencies in Nigeria”.

African Identities, 12(2), Pp 180-195

Adesina, O. (2004). The Guardian Newspaper, Monday, 1 November, p.16.

Afolabi Muyiwa, B. (2018). Introduction and intelligence Security Studies. A manual for beginners.

Lags: Admoft Mega Ventures.

African Union (2020). A study on the roles and Contributions of Youth to Peace and Security in

Africa. An Independent Expert Report Commissioned by the Peace and Security Council of the African Council.

Agberotimi, S.F. (2021). Alcohol use is worryingly high among Nigeria Students: here who is most at risk. The conversation.

AgidigbiEniola R. (2022) An Examination of the Influence of Open-Source Intelligence and Youth Involvement on Insecurity in Ekiti State, Nigeria. An Dissertation submitted to the Department of Intelligence and Security Studies, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.

Akhgar, B. (2016). Open Source Intelligence Investigation: From Strategy to Implementation.

Alao, Abiodun (2011) “Nigeria and the global powers: Continuity and change in policy and perception” Occasional paper no 96 South African Foreign policy and African Drivers

Programme, south African institute of international affairs (SAIIA) October, 2011.

Bodunde (2017). Introduction to Intelligence

Charania, S. (2015). Social Media’s Potential in Intelligence Collection. American Intelligence

Journal, (33),2, Pp 94-100.

Cynthia, V. (2019), National Policy on Education in Nigeria; Aims, Objectives, Challenges,

Ejikman, Q. and Weggemans, D. (2013). Open Source intelligence and privacy dilemmas: Are

Security and Human Rights time to reassess state accountability? Security and Human Rights, 1-13.

Emmanuel, A. (2020) Youth empowerment, a necessary tool to checkmate crime-


Fabunmi, M. (2005). Historical Analysis of Educational Policy Formulation in Nigeria: Implications for Educational Planning and policy. International Journal of African andAfrican American Studies, 4(2), 1-7.

Fafunwa, A. B. (2004). History of Education in Nigeria. Ibadan: NPC Educational Publishers Ltd.

Fred Schreire (2009). Fighting the prominent threats with intelligence Led Operations. Severna park, Maryland: Erevno Systems Corporations. Pp.159

Afolabi M.B. &Nwoke U.U. (2015) “Intelligence Failure: Source and Failure: in Kunle Ajayi

(ED) Readings in Intelligence and Security Studies, Ado-Ekiti: Intelligence and security Studies ProgrammeAfe Babalola University.

Nnamani S.C. &Oyibe O. A. (2016). Achieving Nigerian Educational Objectives through Social Studies Instruction in IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME) Volume 6, Issue 4 Ver. IV (Jul. - Aug. 2016), PP 19-24 Available at

Gidado, T. (2012). Lamentation of a Prince, The Punch May 6, p. 14.

Ishaya D.L (2012). National Tragedy and Insecurity Threats in Nigeria: Implication to Security

Woes and Challenges in the 21st Century. International Journal of Comparative Studies in International Relations and Development, (7)1.

Jamin, J.A., Noor, M.S., Rosli, N.m., &Shukry, A. (2019). Privacy concern of personal Information in the ict usage, internet and social media perspective. Malaysian E Commerce Journal (3) pp 15-17.

Jiaxi, S. (2021). Research on the Credibility of Social Media Information Based on User Perception. Machine Learning for Security and Communication Network (1)

Kentebe G. N. (2018), Intelligence and public policy in Nigeria: An analysis of a complex relationship, AJSD Vol 2 No 3: 23-37.

Kideuk K. (2016), Urban Inst. Law Enforcement Use of Social Media Survey (2017),

Kingsbury, A. (2008). Spy Agencies Turn to Newspapers, NPR, and Wikipedia for Information.

Obanya, P.A.I. (2006). The Secondary Modern School in Western Nigeria, Journal of EducationalAdministration and History, 8:2, 46-50, DOI: 10.1080/0022062760080206

Odukoya, D. (2015). Formulation and implementation of Educational Policies in Nigeria.

Okeanomofe.C.I (2013). Inter-Agency Intelligence Gallery and Sherry for Effective Crime Control:

The Intelligence Perspective Lagos; Amole Nigeria Ltd.

Okoroma, N.S. (2006). ‘An evaluation study of the 3-3 aspect of the National Policy on Education in Port Harcourt and Obio/Akpor Local Government areas of Rivers State’, Journal of Technical and Science Education, vol. 10, nos. 1 & 2.

Olaniyan, D. A. &Obadara, O.E. (2008). Acritical review of management of primary education in Nigeria. International Journal of African & African American Studies, 7(1), 11-20.

Gill, P. and M. Phthian, 2012, intelligence in an insecure world, Cambridge, polity press.

Sasnett, M.T. &Sepmeyer, H.I. (1967). Educational Systems of Africa. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Taiwo, C.O. (1980). The Nigerian Educational System. Lagos: Thomas Nelson Nigeria Limited

Ukeje, B.O. (1986). ‘The 6-3-3-4 education system: the objectives and prospects’, paper presentedat the National Conference on the 6-3-3-4 Education System at A.I.C.E. Owerri.

Woolman, D.C. (2001). Educational Reconstruction and Post-Colonial Curriculum Development: A Comparative Study of Four African Countries. International Education Journal, 2(5), 27 www.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Johnson Honour Oluwayemisi, Muyiwa B. Afolabi




 ISSN (PRINT):    2734 - 2522

 ISSN (ONLINE):  2734 - 2514






Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.