Ifeoma P. Okafor (PhD), L. A. Agubosi (PhD), Fausta Manafa (PhD), T. O. Yayi, O. L. Badamas


Violence against the girl child is committed on almost every nation, exerted by every economic and social class, and endorsed to varying degrees by every system of government. Violence in several forms have been in existence for decades irrespective of gender, religion, race, status, and ability. It can be psychological and verbal harassment, rape, sexual assault, and other forms and they are being prevalent with girls. It is in the view of this background that the study investigated the types, causes and consequences of violence against girl-child among upper basic school students in Bagundo, Kebbi state. A descriptive research design was adopted for this study. The population for this study were all female upper basic school students in Bagundo, Kebbi state. To elicit information, a researcher-design questionnaire was employed; the research questions were answered using mean rating. Independent t-test and One-way ANOVA was used to test the hypotheses formulated at 0.05 level of significance. From the findings, it was reported that the main type of violence against girl-child among upper basic school students in Bagundo, Kebbi state was female genital mutilation. Another finding revealed that the main causes of violence against girl-child were: Many teachers flogging students in school to demonstrate their power over them. Finding further revealed that the main consequences of violence against girl-child were: Victims may find it problematic to focus in class; Victims may become aggressive. Also, finding revealed that the main solutions to violence against girl-child were: Transform insolences towards harmful practices at multiple levels and absorb boys and young men to become agents of change. Another finding revealed that there was no significant difference in the consequences of violence against girl-child among upper basic school students in Bagundo, Kebbi state on the basis of age; and that there was a significant difference in the consequences of violence against girl-child among secondary school students in Bagundo, Kebbi state on basis of class.It was recommended among others that the Federal Government should implement the law prohibiting female genital mutilation and punish parents or families who continue to practice this culture.


Causes, Consequences, Violence, Girl-child, Upper Basic Education

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