PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP AND PEER PRESSURE AS CORRELATES OF SUBSTANCE USE/ABUSE AMONG 11TH GRADE (SS2) STUDENTS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS, KARU, ABUJA, NIGERIA

Okon Isemin Edet, Emannuel Onu Alhassan, Oluwabunmi Hezekiah Ajayi

Abstract


This research explored the correlates of parent-child relationship and peer pressure on substance use/abuse among 11th grade (SS2) students in public secondary schools, Karu, FCT., Nigeria. Four hypotheses were tested in the study. Cross-sectional research design was adopted for the research. The sample consisted of 297 students drawn from a population of Eight hundred (800) 11th grade (SS2) secondary school students in 2 public schools in Karu, Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja, Nigeria. A systematic sampling technique was used in choosing the sample. Three research instruments were administered for data collection: A modified Perception of Parents Scale (POPS), Peer Pressure Scale (PPSQ – Revised), and Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-10). The results indicated that parent-child relationship did not have a relationship with substance use/abuse[r(295) = -0.008, P> 0.05NS]while peer pressure had a significant relationship with substance use/abuse[r(295) = 0.295, P< 0.05]. The Result of multiple regression analysis revealed that, parent-child relationship, peer pressure and gender jointly predicted substance use/abuse(R= .299; F= 9.575, P < .01) among secondary school students in Karu. Thus, it was concluded that parent-child relationship was not related to psychoactive substance use/abusewhereas peer influence was positively related to substance use/abuse among SS2 students in public secondary schools. It is recommended, among others, the need to establish a school-based prevention program that will empower students with information and skills to rationally identify and decisively deal with any presenting destructive peer pressure.


Keywords


Parent-child relationship, peer pressure, substance use, substance abuse, students, public secondary schools, Nigeria.

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